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Do you know about bunions?

Girls who love to wear high heels or pointed shoes must have such trouble. There are apparent bulges or lumps on one side of the big toe. As long as the feet are exposed by wearing sandals, it will be particularly obvious and affect the appearance. Don't worry; let's read this first together.


What is a bunion?

A bunion, also known as hallux valgus or hallux abduction (HAV), is a common foot problem. A bunion is a bony lump at the base of the big toe joint. It occurs when the thumb is pushed against the other toes due to tight shoes, injury, or inherited bone structure. Eventually, the joint of the big toe becomes enlarged and painful, and a lump develops under the side of the foot of the big toe, which can make walking and running difficult. Bunions can make the feet wider and affect the aesthetics of the feet.

What are the symptoms of a bunion?

There is a triangular protrusion on the inside of the foot behind the big toe. Sometimes this area becomes swollen, red, and abnormally tender to the touch. The pain persists when walking. It is usually relieved by wearing comfortable flat shoes. The degree of deformity is not Always correlated with pain level. Bunions and blisters often appear together, especially in certain shoes and with increased activity. But surprisingly, it's often not the bunion that causes the blisters. So, let's unpack this bunion problem and talk about blisters. Foot bunion refers to aseptic inflammation of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, usually accompanied by hallux valgus, with joint swelling, pain, and fixed pain as the main manifestation.

How does it cause bunions?

In general, genetics will account for a high probability. Second, the base of the first metatarsal (the first metatarsal cuneiform joint) is unstable. The behavior of the foot at this joint has something to do with the mobility of the joint or the shape and angle of the medial cuneiform, which can lead to the development of HAV and bunions.


Why do bunions hurt?

Bunions are usually not painful. But when they do, pain can occur :

Due to skin friction

The skin over a bunion bump can become red, rubbed, blistered, crusted, or, less commonly, corns can form. The tighter the shoe, the more it will squeeze and rub against the widest part of your foot. However, equally common (if not more common) are calluses and blisters under the lower edge of the bony prominence. This is where the bump sticks out to the side of the sole. The skin below the raised edge is subject to locally higher weight-bearing pressure.

Due to skin pressure

Bunion lumps can quickly form when wearing tight shoes. As the contact pressure of the shoe concentrates, the bursa covering the lump fills with fluid as a protective response and becomes inflamed. If you notice your bunion getting bigger and redder from time to time, this is bursitis. Bunions without bursitis feel hard and bony. The feeling when you press on them is soft, spongy, and very soft for bursitis. Wearing appropriately wide shoes is the key to reducing bursitis pain.

Below you will learn how to prevent bunions and blisters?

Proper footwear selection: If current footwear is an issue, finding roomier, more comfortable shoes can significantly reduce pain and possibly even reduce the development of deformities. The width of the forefoot is what you're looking for.

Innomed® blister plaster: It adopts medical hydrocolloid dressing, ultra-thin and translucent design, has strong adhesiveness, has a good fit with the skin, and can prevent foot friction from forming blisters. For blisters rubbed from bunions, it can also accelerate wound healing, provide a favorable moist and slightly acidic healing environment for the wound, and relieve pain.

Choose Chinese medicine treatment: Chinese medicine believes that this disease can be classified into "arthralgia syndrome," "muscle disease," "ankle pain," and other categories. Acupuncture and moxibustion is a characteristic therapy of traditional Chinese medicine with obvious clinical effects. In the acupuncture treatment of patients with foot bunion, the treatment principles are to relax the tendons and collaterals to relieve pain, dispel wind, dispel cold and remove dampness. Taibai and Taichong points are both located near the first metatarsophalangeal joint, so acupuncture and moxibustion can be fully utilized. Proximity effect. Taibai point is located in the subcutaneous tissue of the subcutaneous joint capsule and the subcutaneous tissue of the first metatarsophalangeal joint. In the treatment of the swelling and pain of the first metatarsophalangeal joint and the swelling of the surrounding soft tissue, the tendons on the inner surface of the first metatarsophalangeal joint play a decisive role. Effect. For Taibai, it belongs to the infusion point of the spleen meridian of Foot Taiyin, while the Taichong point belongs to the infusion point of the Liver Meridian of Foot Jueyin, which can treat joint pain. Moreover, Taibai and Taichong belong to the original acupoints. They have more precise functions such as dredging the meridians and collaterals, soothing the liver, promoting qi, relieving pain, strengthening the spleen, dispelling cold, and dehumidifying. In the patient's acupuncture treatment, deqi is the degree, and the qi is reached will produce the effect. Because the skin and flesh of the first metatarsophalangeal joint are relatively shallow, it is forbidden to carry out the lifting, twisting, and twisting techniques during the deqi and the needle retention period. It can relieve the patient's pain and stimulate the Qi.

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Li Xu, Guo Xianfeng, Wang Cong. Rehabilitation treatment of hallux valgus [J]. Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2015, 30(09): 944-945.

Xu Hong. Acupuncture for 60 cases of foot bunion[J]. Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture, 2015, 34(12): 1230. DOI: 10.13460/j.issn.1005-0957.2015.12.1230.

Zhang Xinwei, Li Chenggang, Liu Kaiming, Song Hao. Acupuncture for foot bunion[J].Medical Diet and Health,2020,18(24):138-139.

Pique-Vidal C, Sole MT, Antich J. Inheritance of Hallux valgus: a pedigree study of 350 patients with bunions. J Foot and Ankle Surgery. 2007;46(3):149-54.

Editor: kiki Jia

Date: July 25, 2022